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A robust and passive method for geometric calibration of large arrays

Abstract : This paper presents a complete strategy for the geometry estimation of large microphone arrays of arbitrary shape. Largeness is intended here in both number of microphones (hundreds) and size (few meters). Such arrays can be used for various applications in open or confined spaces like acoustical imaging, source identification, or speech processing. For so large array systems,measuring the geometry by hand is impractical. Therefore a blind passive method is proposed. It is based on the analysis of the background acoustic noise, supposed to be a diffuse field. The proposed strategy is a two-step process. First the pairwise microphone distances are identified by matching their measuredcoherence function to the one predicted by the diffuse field theory. Second, a robust multidimensional scaling(MDS) algorithm is adapted and implemented. It takes advantage of local characteristics to reduce the set of distances and infer the geometry of the array. This work is an extension of previous studies, and it overcomes unsolved drawbacks. In particular it deals efficiently with the outliers known to ruin standard MDS algorithms. Experimental proofs of this ability are presented by treating the case of two arrays. They show that the proposed improvements manage large spatial arrays.
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https://hal.sorbonne-universite.fr/hal-01299210
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Submitted on : Thursday, April 7, 2016 - 1:02:00 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, November 16, 2021 - 4:29:30 AM

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Charles Vanwynsberghe, Pascal Challande, Jacques Marchal, Régis Marchiano, François Ollivier. A robust and passive method for geometric calibration of large arrays. Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, Acoustical Society of America, 2016, 139 (3), pp.1252. ⟨10.1121/1.4944566⟩. ⟨hal-01299210⟩

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