Astrocytosis in parkinsonism: considering tripartite striatal synapses in physiopathology? - Sorbonne Université Access content directly
Journal Articles Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience Year : 2014

Astrocytosis in parkinsonism: considering tripartite striatal synapses in physiopathology?

Abstract

The current concept of basal ganglia organization and function in physiological and pathophysiological conditions excludes the most numerous cells in the brain, i.e., the astrocytes, present with a ratio of 10:1 neuron. Their role in neurodegenerative condition such as Parkinson's disease (PD) remains to be elucidated. Before embarking into physiological investigations of the yet-to-be-identified " tripartite " synapses in the basal ganglia in general and the striatum in particular, we therefore characterized anatomically the PD-related modifications in astrocytic morphology, the changes in astrocytic network connections and the consequences on the spatial relationship between astrocytic processes and asymmetric synapses in normal and PD-like conditions in experimental and human PD. Our results unravel a dramatic regulation of striatal astrocytosis supporting the hypothesis of a key role in (dys) regulating corticostriatal transmission. Astrocytes and their various properties might thus represent a therapeutic target in PD.
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hal-01318918 , version 1 (20-05-2016)

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Giselle Charron, Evelyne Doudnikoff, Marie-Helene Canron, Qin Li, Céline Véga, et al.. Astrocytosis in parkinsonism: considering tripartite striatal synapses in physiopathology?. Frontiers in Aging Neuroscience, 2014, 6, pp.258. ⟨10.3389/fnagi.2014.00258⟩. ⟨hal-01318918⟩
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