Cancer-Related Functions and Subcellular Localizations of Septins - Sorbonne Université Access content directly
Journal Articles Frontiers in Cell and Developmental Biology Year : 2016

Cancer-Related Functions and Subcellular Localizations of Septins

Abstract

Since the initial discovery of septin family GTPases, the understanding of their molecular organization and cellular roles keeps being refined. Septins have been involved in many physiological processes and the misregulation of specific septin gene expression has been implicated in diverse human pathologies, including neurological disorders and cancer. In this minireview, we focus on the importance of the subunit composition and subcellular localization of septins relevant to tumor initiation, progression, and metastasis. We especially underline the importance of septin polymer composition and of their association with the plasma membrane, actin, or microtubules in cell functions involved in cancer and in resistance to cancer therapies. Through their scaffolding role, their function in membrane compartmentalization or through their protective function against protein degradation, septins also emerge as critical organizers of membrane-associated proteins and of signaling pathways implicated in cancer-associated angiogenesis, apoptosis, polarity, migration, proliferation, and in metastasis. Also, the question as to which of the free monomers, hetero-oligomers, or filaments is the functional form of mammalian septins is raised and the control over their spatial and temporal localization is discussed. The increasing amount of crosstalks identified between septins and cellular signaling mediators reinforces the exciting possibility that septins could be new targets in anti-cancer therapies or in therapeutic strategies to limit drug resistance.

Dates and versions

hal-01405160 , version 1 (29-11-2016)

Identifiers

Cite

Christian Poüs, Laurence Klipfel, Anita Baillet. Cancer-Related Functions and Subcellular Localizations of Septins. Frontiers in Cell and Developmental Biology, 2016, 4, pp.126. ⟨10.3389/fcell.2016.00126⟩. ⟨hal-01405160⟩
21 View
0 Download

Altmetric

Share

Gmail Mastodon Facebook X LinkedIn More