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Flow properties of MK-based geopolymer pastes. A comparative study with standard Portland cement pastes

Abstract : Geopolymers are presented in many studies as alternatives to ordinary Portland cement. Previous studies have focused on their chemical and mechanical properties, their microstructures and their potential applications, but very few have focussed on their rheological behaviour. Our work highlights the fundamental differences in the flow properties, which exist between geopolymers made from metakaolin and Ordinary Portland Cement (OPC). We show that colloidal interactions between metakaolin particles are negligible and that hydrodynamic effects control the rheological behaviour. Metakaolin-based geopolymers can then be described as Newtonian fluids with the viscosity controlled mainly by the high viscosity of the suspending alkaline silicate solution and not by the contribution of direct contacts between metakaolin grains. This fundamental difference between geopolymers and OPC implies that developments made in cement technology to improve rheological behaviour such as plasticizers will not be efficient for geopolymers and that new research directions need to be explored.
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https://hal.sorbonne-universite.fr/hal-01516129
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Submitted on : Friday, April 28, 2017 - 4:36:27 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, October 6, 2020 - 2:58:02 PM

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Aurélie Favier, Julie Hot, Guillaume Habert, Nicolas Roussel, Jean-Baptiste d'Espinose. Flow properties of MK-based geopolymer pastes. A comparative study with standard Portland cement pastes. Soft Matter, Royal Society of Chemistry, 2014, 10 (8), pp.1134-1141 ⟨10.1039/c3sm51889b⟩. ⟨hal-01516129⟩

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