Cascading Effects of Ocean Acidification in a Rocky Subtidal Community - Sorbonne Université Access content directly
Journal Articles PLoS ONE Year : 2013

Cascading Effects of Ocean Acidification in a Rocky Subtidal Community


Temperate marine rocky habitats may be alternatively characterized by well vegetated macroalgal assemblages or barren grounds, as a consequence of direct and indirect human impacts (e.g. overfishing) and grazing pressure by herbivorous organisms. In future scenarios of ocean acidification, calcifying organisms are expected to be less competitive: among these two key elements of the rocky subtidal food web, coralline algae and sea urchins. In order to highlight how the effects of increased pCO 2 on individual calcifying species will be exacerbated by interactions with other trophic levels, we performed an experiment simultaneously testing ocean acidification effects on primary producers (calcifying and non-calcifying algae) and their grazers (sea urchins). Artificial communities, composed by juveniles of the sea urchin Paracentrotus lividus and calcifying (Corallina elongata) and non-calcifying (Cystoseira amentacea var stricta, Dictyota dichotoma) macroalgae, were subjected to pCO 2 levels of 390, 550, 750 and 1000 matm in the laboratory. Our study highlighted a direct pCO 2 effect on coralline algae and on sea urchin defense from predation (test robustness). There was no direct effect on the non-calcifying macroalgae. More interestingly, we highlighted diet-mediated effects on test robustness and on the Aristotle's lantern size. In a future scenario of ocean acidification a decrease of sea urchins' density is expected, due to lower defense from predation, as a direct consequence of pH decrease, and to a reduced availability of calcifying macroalgae, important component of urchins' diet. The effects of ocean acidification may therefore be contrasting on well vegetated macroalgal assemblages and barren grounds: in the absence of other human impacts, a decrease of biodiversity can be predicted in vegetated macroalgal assemblages, whereas a lower density of sea urchin could help the recovery of shallow subtidal rocky areas affected by overfishing from barren grounds to assemblages dominated by fleshy macroalgae.
Fichier principal
Vignette du fichier
journal.pone.0061978.PDF (1.17 Mo) Télécharger le fichier
Origin : Publication funded by an institution

Dates and versions

hal-01535594 , version 1 (09-06-2017)





Valentina Asnaghi, Mariachiara Chiantore, Luisa Mangialajo, Frédéric Gazeau, Patrice Francour, et al.. Cascading Effects of Ocean Acidification in a Rocky Subtidal Community. PLoS ONE, 2013, 8 (4), pp.e61978. ⟨10.1371/journal.pone.0061978⟩. ⟨hal-01535594⟩
198 View
123 Download



Gmail Facebook Twitter LinkedIn More