Preload-responsive adhesion: effects of aspect ratio, tip shape and alignment

Abstract : We tested the adhesive response of polymer surfaces structured with arrays of cylindrical fibrils having diameters of 10-20 mm and aspect ratios 1-2.4. Fibrils had two different tip shapes of end-flaps and round edges. A preload-induced mechanical buckling instability of the fibrils was used to switch between the states of adhesion and non-adhesion. Non-adhesion in fibrils with round edges was reached at preloads that caused fibril buckling, whereas fibrils with end-flaps showed adhesion loss only at very high preloads. The round edge acted as a circumferential flaw prohibiting smooth tip contact recovery leading to an adhesion loss. In situ observations showed that, after reversal of buckling, the end-flaps unfold and re-form contact under prevailing compressive stress, retaining adhesion in spite of buckling. At very high preloads, however, end-flaps are unable to re-form contact resulting in adhesion loss. Additionally, the end-flaps showed varying contact adaptability as a function of the fibril-probe alignment, which further affects the preload for adhesion loss. The combined influence of preload, tip shape and alignment on adhesion can be used to switch adhesion in bioinspired fibrillar arrays.
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Interface, Royal Society, The, 2013, 10 (83), pp.20130171 - 20130171. 〈10.1098/rsif.2013.0171〉
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Soumis le : lundi 12 juin 2017 - 16:02:37
Dernière modification le : mardi 27 mars 2018 - 16:06:21

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D. Paretkar, M. Kamperman, D. Martina, J. Zhao, C. Creton, et al.. Preload-responsive adhesion: effects of aspect ratio, tip shape and alignment. Interface, Royal Society, The, 2013, 10 (83), pp.20130171 - 20130171. 〈10.1098/rsif.2013.0171〉. 〈hal-01537466〉

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