Understanding the nano- and macromechanical behaviour, the failure and fatigue mechanisms of advanced and natural polymer fibres by Raman/IR microspectrometry

Abstract : The coupled mechanical and Raman/infrared (IR) analysis of the (nano)structure and texture of synthetic and natural polymer fibres (polyamides (PA66), polyethylene terephthalate (PET), polypropylene (PP), poly(paraphenylene benzobisoxazole) (PBO), keratin/hair, Bombyx mori, Gonometa rufobrunea/postica Antheraea/Tussah silkworms and Nephila Madagascarensis spider silks) is applied so as to differentiate between crystalline and amorphous macromolecules. Bonding is very similar in the two cases but a broader distribution of conformations is observed for the amorphous macromolecules. These conclusions are then used to discuss the modifications induced by the application of a tensile or compressive stress, including the effects of fatigue. Detailed attention is paid to water and the inter-chain coupling for which the importance of hydrogen bonding is reconsidered. The significant role of the 'amorphous' bonds/domains in the process of fracture/fatigue is shown.
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Advances in Natural Sciences : Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, IOP Publishing, 2013, 4 (1), pp.013001. 〈10.1088/2043-6262/4/1/013001〉
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Philippe Colomban. Understanding the nano- and macromechanical behaviour, the failure and fatigue mechanisms of advanced and natural polymer fibres by Raman/IR microspectrometry. Advances in Natural Sciences : Nanoscience and Nanotechnology, IOP Publishing, 2013, 4 (1), pp.013001. 〈10.1088/2043-6262/4/1/013001〉. 〈hal-01542272〉

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