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Redescription and phylogenetic analyses of Durchoniella spp. (Ciliophora, Astomatida) associated with the polychaete Cirriformia tentaculata (Montagu, 1808)

Abstract : Microscopic and phylogenetic analyses were performed on endocommensal astome ciliates retrieved from the middle intestine of a marine cirratulid polychaete, Cirriformia tentaculata, collected in the bay of Roscoff (English Channel, Northwest French coast) and on the Southwest English coast. Three morphotypes of the astome genus Durchoniella were identified, two corresponding to described species (the type species Durchoniella brasili (Léger and Duboscq, 1904) De Puytorac, 1954 and Durchoniella legeriduboscqui De Puytorac, 1954) while a third morphotype remains undescribed. Their small subunit (SSU) rRNA gene sequences showed at least 97.2% identity and phylogenetic analyses grouped them at the base of the subclass Scuticociliatia (Oligohymenophorea), as a sister lineage to all astomes from terrestrial oligochaete annelids. Ultrastructural examination by transmission electron microscopy and fluorescence in situ hybridization analyses revealed the presence of endocytoplasmic cocci and rod-shaped bacteria surrounded by a very thin membrane. These endocytoplasmic bacteria may play a role in the association between endocommensal astome ciliates and cirratulid polychaetes inhabiting in anoxic coastal sediments.
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Laure Sauvadet, Denis H. Lynn, Erwan Roussel, Sophie Le Panse, Estelle Bigeard, et al.. Redescription and phylogenetic analyses of Durchoniella spp. (Ciliophora, Astomatida) associated with the polychaete Cirriformia tentaculata (Montagu, 1808). European Journal of Protistology, Elsevier, 2017, 61 (Part A), pp.265-277. ⟨10.1016/j.ejop.2017.06.007⟩. ⟨hal-01578167⟩

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