Changes in eosinophil count during bacterial infection: revisiting an old marker to assess the efficacy of antimicrobial therapy

Abstract : Introduction: Eosinopenia as a criterion of sepsis has been the subject of debate for decades. Different authors have proposed different cut-off values. Methods: A prospective study was conducted from February to August 2016. Hospitalized adults suffering from a bacterial infection with eosinopenia, defined as an eosinophil count <100/mm3, were included. Patients were divided into two groups according to the first day of effective antimicrobial therapy. They were observed for 5 days in order to evaluate whether recovery from eosinopenia was predictive of an appropriate antibiotic regimen. Results: One hundred and twenty-two patients were screened and 96 were included. Group 1 patients (n = 70) received effective antimicrobial therapy from day 0. Their eosinophil count increased significantly between day 0 and day 1 (p < 0.0001). Group 2 patients (n = 26) received delayed effective antimicrobial therapy, and there was no significant difference in eosinophil count between day 0 and day 1 (p = 0.55). Moreover, eosinophil counts normalized on day 5 in both groups. The mean duration of antimicrobial therapy was comparable in the two groups (7.7 ± 1.16 days). The antibiotics most often prescribed in both groups were intravenous cephalosporins. During follow-up, all patients were considered to be cured after day 30. Conclusions:The eosinophil count appears to normalize faster than C-reactive protein (CRP) and polymorphonuclear neutrophils in eosinopenic patients on appropriate antimicrobial therapy. This simple test is easy to perform as part of a regular complete blood count, with no additional costs as required for CRP or procalcitonin.
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International Journal of Infectious Diseases, Elsevier, 2017, 61, pp.62-66. 〈10.1016/j.ijid.2017.06.005〉
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B. Davido, S. Makhloufi, M. Matt, R. Calin, O. Senard, et al.. Changes in eosinophil count during bacterial infection: revisiting an old marker to assess the efficacy of antimicrobial therapy. International Journal of Infectious Diseases, Elsevier, 2017, 61, pp.62-66. 〈10.1016/j.ijid.2017.06.005〉. 〈hal-01581157〉

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