Investigating Charge Transfer in Functionalized Mesoporous EISA-SnO 2 Films

Abstract : Semiconductive transparent thin films of periodically organized nanostructured SnO2 were prepared on flat conductive ITO substrates by evaporation-induced self-assembly (EISA) under different dip-coating regimes and then functionalized by two redox-active chromophores, i.e., the flavin mononucleotide (FMN) able to reversibly exchange 2 e– and 2 H+ and the [OsII(bpy)2(4,4′-CH2PO3H2-bpy)]2+ complex (OsP) involving a fast and reversible one-electron transfer. The redox behavior of these two chemisorbed chromophores was investigated by cyclic voltammetry and cyclic voltabsorptometry. On account of the distinct formal potential of the two redox chromophores relative to the position of the lower conduction band edge of SnO2, the heterogeneous electron transfer was observed to be either reversible (FMN) or irreversible (OsP). In the case of the OsP-functionalized SnO2 electrode, quantitative analysis of the cyclic voltabsorptograms was achieved within the framework of our previously proposed kinetic model of charge transfer/transport in mesoporous semiconductive films (Renault et al. Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 2015, 17, 10592), allowing for direct comparison between EISA–TiO2 and EISA–SnO2 electrodes. It is notably shown that the interfacial electron transfer between the adsorbed redox chromophore and the SnO2 interface is the rate-determining process under our experimental conditions. It is additionally demonstrated that the electrons trapped in the low-energy surface states of EISA–SnO2 can directly participate in the interfacial electron transfer, a behavior that strongly contrasts that which we had previously found at EISA–TiO2 electrodes (i.e., wherein only electrons from the conduction band were involved in the interfacial electron transfer).
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Journal of Physical Chemistry C, American Chemical Society, 2017, 121 (41), pp.23207-23217. 〈10.1021/acs.jpcc.7b07071〉
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Wael Hamd, Christel Laberty-Robert, François Lambert, Cyrille Costentin, Benoit Limoges, et al.. Investigating Charge Transfer in Functionalized Mesoporous EISA-SnO 2 Films. Journal of Physical Chemistry C, American Chemical Society, 2017, 121 (41), pp.23207-23217. 〈10.1021/acs.jpcc.7b07071〉. 〈hal-01614721〉

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