Skip to Main content Skip to Navigation
Journal articles

Long-term socioecological trajectories of agro-food systems revealed by N and P flows in French regions from 1852 to 2014

Abstract : We present a quantitative description of the N and P flows characterizing the agro-food system metabolism of 33 agricultural regions in France and their time evolution since the middle of the 19th century. The data were interpreted in terms of connection between crop production, livestock breeding, human nutrition and trade of agricultural goods, and were linked to their historical background. Until the early 20th century, the integrated crop and livestock farming model dominated everywhere, and the slow increase in crop production was only possible because of an increase in livestock density. Specialized cash crop farming systems appeared in the central Paris basin only in the first half of the 20th century together with the increase in the use of industrial fertilizers. Only after WWll, under the pressure of strong interventionist policies, did specialization of French territories lead to five types of systems, favoring their openness and integration into the international market, with harmful environmental impacts. The 1980s were marked by a policy shift towards more liberalism, which reinforced specialization. However, greater environmental concern stabilized or decreased nutrient losses, while maintaining largely open biogeochemical cycles.
Complete list of metadata

Cited literature [67 references]  Display  Hide  Download

https://hal.sorbonne-universite.fr/hal-01822741
Contributor : Gestionnaire Hal-Upmc Connect in order to contact the contributor
Submitted on : Monday, June 25, 2018 - 2:15:48 PM
Last modification on : Wednesday, November 17, 2021 - 12:32:27 PM
Long-term archiving on: : Wednesday, September 26, 2018 - 1:56:32 PM

File

Le Noe et al. 2018. Long term ...
Files produced by the author(s)

Identifiers

Citation

J. Le Noë, G. Billen, F. Esculier, J. Garnier. Long-term socioecological trajectories of agro-food systems revealed by N and P flows in French regions from 1852 to 2014. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, Elsevier Masson, 2018, 265, pp.132-143. ⟨10.1016/j.agee.2018.06.006⟩. ⟨hal-01822741⟩

Share

Metrics

Les métriques sont temporairement indisponibles