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Deep learning for music generation: challenges and directions

Abstract : In addition to traditional tasks such as prediction, classification and translation, deep learning is receiving growing attention as an approach for music generation, as witnessed by recent research groups such as Magenta at Google and CTRL (Creator Technology Research Lab) at Spotify. The motivation is in using the capacity of deep learning architectures and training techniques to automatically learn musical styles from arbitrary musical corpora and then to generate samples from the estimated distribution. However, a direct application of deep learning to generate content rapidly reaches limits as the generated content tends to mimic the training set without exhibiting true creativity. Moreover, deep learning architectures do not offer direct ways for controlling generation (e.g., imposing some tonality or other arbitrary constraints). Furthermore, deep learning architectures alone are autistic automata which generate music autonomously without human user interaction, far from the objective of interactively assisting musicians to compose and refine music. Issues such as: control, structure, creativity and interactivity are the focus of our analysis. In this paper, we select some limitations of a direct application of deep learning to music generation, analyze why the issues are not fulfilled and how to address them by possible approaches. Various examples of recent systems are cited as examples of promising directions.
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Contributor : Jean-Pierre Briot <>
Submitted on : Thursday, November 1, 2018 - 5:48:13 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, March 23, 2021 - 9:28:02 AM
Long-term archiving on: : Saturday, February 2, 2019 - 12:35:47 PM


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Jean-Pierre Briot, François Pachet. Deep learning for music generation: challenges and directions. Neural Computing and Applications, Springer Verlag, In press, 32 (4), pp.981-993. ⟨10.1007/s00521-018-3813-6⟩. ⟨hal-01840937⟩



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