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Cross-condensation and particle growth in aqueous silane mixtures at low concentration

Abstract : We have observed the condensation of a mixture of γ -glycidoxypropylmethyldiethoxysilane and 3-aminopropyltriethoxysilane in dilute aqueous solutions. NMR and IR spectroscopy have allowed to follow the condensation process in the mixture, which is noticeably enhanced and proceeds faster than for each silane on its own. Cross-condensation between the two silanes was evidenced. When the hydrophilic aminosilane is in excess, the condensation, as evidenced by dynamic light scattering, proceeds toward gel formation because the oligomers formed are essentially hydrophilic. When the more hydrophobic epoxysilane is in excess, oligomer growth proceeds slowly and results in a destabilization of the solution: due to their hydrophobic character, the oligomers formed coalesce suddenly into 200-nm-diameter aggregates. Coatings deposited from such solutions with high epoxysilane content can be used to strengthen glass. We show that the progress of condensation in solution results in a wetting transition during deposition of the silane film on glass by dip coating. The production of increasingly hydrophobic oligomers as the reaction time increases results in adsorption of more hydrophobic aggregates at the surface, which eventually leads to dewetting of the film: in the absence of film, glass strengthening disappears.
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Contributor : Guillaume Laurent <>
Submitted on : Tuesday, October 16, 2018 - 10:52:33 AM
Last modification on : Wednesday, February 17, 2021 - 7:08:07 AM



Caroline Heitz, Guillaume Laurent, R. Briard, Etienne Barthel. Cross-condensation and particle growth in aqueous silane mixtures at low concentration. Journal of Colloid and Interface Science, Elsevier, 2006, 298 (1), pp.192 - 201. ⟨10.1016/j.jcis.2005.12.011⟩. ⟨hal-01896459⟩



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