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Journal Articles Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America Year : 2006

Imaging of CNS myelin by positron-emission tomography

Abstract

Promoting myelin repair is one of the most promising therapeutic avenues in the field of myelin disorders. In future clinical trials, evaluation of remyelination will require a reliable and quantifiable myelin marker to be used as a surrogate marker. To date, MRI assessment lacks specificity for evaluating the level of remyelination within the brain. Here, we describe 1,4-bis(p-aminostyryl)-2-methoxy benzene (BMB), a synthesized fluorescent molecule, that binds selectively to myelin both ex vivo and in vivo. The binding of BMB to myelin allows the detection of demyelinating lesions in an experimental autoimmune encephalitis model of demyelination and allows a mean for quantifying myelin loss in dysmyelinating mutants. In multiple sclerosis brain, different levels of BMB binding differentiated remyelination in shadow plaques from either demyelinated lesions or normal-appearing white matter. After systemic injection, BMB crosses the blood-brain barrier and binds to myelin in a dose-dependent and reversible manner. Finally, we provide evidence that (11)C-radiolabeled BMB can be used in vivo to image CNS myelin by positron-emission tomography in baboon. Our results provide a perspective for developing a brain myelin imaging technique by positron-emission tomography.

Dates and versions

hal-01939707 , version 1 (29-11-2018)

Identifiers

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Bruno Stankoff, Y. Wang, M. Bottlaender, Marie-Stéphane Aigrot, F. Dolle, et al.. Imaging of CNS myelin by positron-emission tomography. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 2006, 103 (24), pp.9304-9309. ⟨10.1073/pnas.0600769103⟩. ⟨hal-01939707⟩
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