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Coplanar perturbation of a crack lying on the mid-plane of a plate

Abstract : Several groups have studied experimentally the deformation of the front of mode I cracks propagating quasistatically along the interface between bonded plates. The theoretical interpretation of such experiments has always been based up to now on a formula of Rice (1985); this formula provides the first-order variation of the local mode I stress intensity factor resulting from some small, but otherwise arbitrary coplanar perturbation of the front of a semi-infinite crack in an infinite body. To be applicable to bonded plates, this formula requires that the characteristic distance of variation of this perturbation in the direction of the crack front be small compared to all other characteristic dimensions of the problem, and first of all the thickness of the plates. This condition is unfortunately frequently violated in practice. The purpose of this paper is therefore to provide a more exact formula for the variation of the local stress intensity factor, for the specific cracked geometry and boundary conditions used in experiments; this should allow for more accurate theoretical interpretations. This is done in two steps. The first one consists in adapting Rice (1985)'s treatment, applicable to the extreme case of plates of infinite thickness, to the other extreme one of plates of infinitesimal thickness, using the standard Love-Kirchhoff plate theory. An interesting outcome of the analysis is that the distance from the crack front to the boundary of the plate acts as a "cutoff length", in the sense that when the distance between two points on the crack front gets larger than it, the influence of the crack advance at the first point upon the stress intensity factor at the second diminishes quickly; the plate thickness , however, plays no similar role. The second step consists in supplementing the theoretical expressions applicable to extreme values of the plate thickness with finite element computations providing results for intermediate values. These computations lead to the definition of a simple, approximate but accurate "interpolation formula" for the variation of the local stress intensity factor, applicable to plates of arbitrary thickness.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, February 13, 2019 - 11:59:01 AM
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Laurène Legrand, Sylvain Patinet, Jean-Baptiste Leblond, Joël Frelat, Veronique Lazarus, et al.. Coplanar perturbation of a crack lying on the mid-plane of a plate. International Journal of Fracture, Springer Verlag, 2011, 170 (1), pp.67-82. ⟨10.1007/s10704-011-9603-0⟩. ⟨hal-02017663⟩

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