La circulation des métiers à Charleville, Famille et travail, XVIIIe-XIXe siècles

Abstract : The study of the population censuses made in the French town of Charleville, whose population is currently the subject of a wide historical inquiry, allows to reopen the issue, now somewhat neglected by historiography, of the intergenerational transmission of professions during the 18 th and 19 th centuries. By studying in 1859 a sample of households, including all those whose head, or any member, has a name beginning with the letter B, we have been able to demonstrate a clear difference between two populations: the first consists of the heads of households with at least a child living in the household and for which a profession was indicated; the second population is composed of all heads of household in the city, whose name begins with the letter B. An additional analysis was made for a group of households "B" for the eighteenth century. The article shows that the professional reproduction is stronger in the first group, which includes a large proportion of young people, whose age is more than twenty years. The tendency to pass the paternal profession to the children who remained in the households characterizes a wide range of professions and not a limited number of them, or a specific industry. The article concludes with a reflection, to be continued, on the different logics that could lead to this original social configuration.
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Cécile Alexandre, François-Joseph Ruggiu. La circulation des métiers à Charleville, Famille et travail, XVIIIe-XIXe siècles. Revista de Historia Moderna. Anales de la Universidad de Alicante, 2016. ⟨hal-02046985⟩

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