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Technological evolution of ceramic glazes in the renaissance: In situ analysis of tiles in the Alcazar (Seville, Spain)

Abstract : The Alcazar Palace (Seville, Spain) is famous for its ceramic decorations; 16 th century wall tiles of different typologies have been analyzed in order to relate the manufacturing process of their colored glazes to the evolving technologies of the Renaissance. Chemical and mineralogical compositions have been determined in situ by non-destructive X-ray fluorescence (XRF) and X-ray diffraction (XRD) on arista ceramics in the Cenador de Carlos Quinto, and majolica ceramics in the Palacio Gotico and the Royal oratory. The arista style belongs to the local Hispano-Moresque ceramic tradition. Majolica tiles have the complex microstructures of glazes from Italy. The two types are clearly differentiated by their typology, morphology (curved vs flat surface), and also microstructure (single vs multi-layers), glaze chemistry, and use of different coloring agents. Moreover, we found different glaze chemistries in the investigated majolicas, which correspond to different artists and/or practices.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, July 10, 2019 - 3:59:38 PM
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Laurence de Viguerie, Maria Robador, Jacques Castaing, Jose Perez-Rodriguez, Philippe Walter, et al.. Technological evolution of ceramic glazes in the renaissance: In situ analysis of tiles in the Alcazar (Seville, Spain). Journal of the American Ceramic Society, Wiley, 2019, 102 (3), pp.1402-1413. ⟨10.1111/jace.15955⟩. ⟨hal-02179294⟩

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