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Journal Articles Physical Review Applied Year : 2018

Focusing of Shear Shock Waves

Abstract

Focusing is a ubiquitous way to transform waves. Recently, a new type of shock wave has been observed experimentally with high-frame-rate ultrasound: shear shock waves in soft solids. These strongly nonlinear waves are characterized by a high Mach number, because the shear wave velocity is much slower, by 3 orders of magnitude, than the longitudinal wave velocity. Furthermore, these waves have a unique cubic nonlinearity which generates only odd harmonics. Unlike longitudinal waves for which only compressional shocks are possible, shear waves exhibit cubic nonlinearities which can generate positive and negative shocks. Here we present the experimental observation of shear shock wave focusing, generated by the vertical motion of a solid cylinder section embedded in a soft gelatin-graphite phantom to induce linearly vertically polarized motion. Raw ultrasound data from high-frame-rate (7692 images per second) acquisitions in combination with algorithms that are tuned to detect small displacements (approximately 1  μm) are used to generate quantitative movies of gel motion. The features of shear shock wave focusing are analyzed by comparing experimental observations with numerical simulations of a retarded-time elastodynamic equation with cubic nonlinearities and empirical attenuation laws for soft solids.
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Dates and versions

hal-02303604 , version 1 (29-02-2024)

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Bruno Giammarinaro, David Espíndola, François Coulouvrat, Gianmarco Pinton. Focusing of Shear Shock Waves. Physical Review Applied, 2018, 9 (1), ⟨10.1103/PhysRevApplied.9.014011⟩. ⟨hal-02303604⟩
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