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Journal Articles Royal Society Open Science Year : 2020

Control of synchronization ratios in clock/cell cycle coupling by growth factors and glucocorticoids

Abstract

The cell cycle and the circadian clock are essential cyclic cellular processes often synchronous in healthy cells. In this work, we use previously developed mathematical models of the mammalian cell cycle and circadian cellular clock in order to investigate their dynamical interactions. Firstly, we study unidirectional cell cycle → clock coupling by proposing a mechanism of mitosis promoting factor (MPF)-controlled REV-ERBα degradation. Secondly, we analyse a bidirectional coupling configuration, where we add the CLOCK : BMAL1-mediated MPF repression via the WEE1 kinase to the first system. Our simulations reproduce ratios of clock to cell cycle period in agreement with experimental observations and give predictions of the system's synchronization state response to a variety of control parameters. Specifically, growth factors accelerate the coupled oscillators and dexamethasone (Dex) drives the system from a 1 : 1 to a 3 : 2 synchronization state. Furthermore, simulations of a Dex pulse reveal that certain time regions of pulse application drive the system from 1 : 1 to 3 : 2 synchronization while others have no effect, revealing the existence of a responsive and an irresponsive system's phase, a result we contextualize with observations on the segregation of Dex-treated cells into two populations.
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Dates and versions

hal-02505080 , version 1 (11-03-2020)

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Sofia Almeida, Madalena Chaves, Franck Delaunay. Control of synchronization ratios in clock/cell cycle coupling by growth factors and glucocorticoids. Royal Society Open Science, 2020, 7 (2), pp.192054. ⟨10.1098/rsos.192054⟩. ⟨hal-02505080⟩
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