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Journal Articles iScience Year : 2020

Inferring Gene Networks in Bone Marrow Hematopoietic Stem Cell-Supporting Stromal Niche Populations

Abstract

The cardinal property of bone marrow (BM) stromal cells is their capacity to contribute to hematopoietic stem cell (HSC) niches by providing mediators assisting HSC functions. In this study we first contrasted transcriptomes of stromal cells at different developmental stages and then included large number of HSC-supportive and non-supportive samples. Application of a combination of algorithms, comprising one identifying reliable paths and potential causative relationships in complex systems, revealed gene networks characteristic of the BM stromal HSC-supportive capacity and of defined niche populations of perivascular cells, osteoblasts, and mesenchymal stromal cells. Inclusion of single-cell transcriptomes enabled establishing for the perivascular cell subset a partially oriented graph of direct gene-to-gene interactions. As proof of concept we showed that R-spondin-2, expressed by the perivascular subset, synergized with Kit ligand to amplify ex vivo hematopoietic precursors. This study by identifying classifiers and hubs constitutes a resource to unravel candidate BM stromal mediators.
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Dates and versions

hal-02872063 , version 1 (17-06-2020)

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Christophe Desterke, Laurence Petit, Nadir Sella, Nathalie Chevallier, Vincent Cabeli, et al.. Inferring Gene Networks in Bone Marrow Hematopoietic Stem Cell-Supporting Stromal Niche Populations. iScience, 2020, 23 (6), pp.101222. ⟨10.1016/j.isci.2020.101222⟩. ⟨hal-02872063⟩
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