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Plant Cell wall inspired Xyloglucan/Cellulose Nanocrystals Aerogels Produced By Freeze-Casting

Abstract : Cellulose nanocrystals (CNC) and xyloglucan (XG) were used to construct new aerogels inspired by the hierarchical organization of wood tissue, i.e., anisotropic porous cellular solid with pore walls containing oriented and stiff cellulose nanorods embedded in hemicellulose matrix. Aerogels with oriented or disordered pores were prepared by directional and non-directional freeze-casting from colloidal dispersions of XG and CNC at different ratios. XG addition induced a clear improvement of the mechanical properties compared to the CNC aerogel, as indicated by the Young modulus increase from 138 kPa to 610 kPa. The addition of XG changed the pore morphology from lamellar to alveolar and it also decreased the CNC orientation (the Hermans’ orientation factor was 0.52 for CNC vs 0.36−0.40 for CNC-XG). The aerogels that contained the highest proportion of XG also retained their structural integrity in water without any chemical modification. These results open the route to biobased water-resistant materials by an easy and green strategy based on polymer adsorption rather than chemical crosslinking.
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Submitted on : Thursday, July 2, 2020 - 9:01:43 AM
Last modification on : Tuesday, July 21, 2020 - 3:14:42 AM

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Z. Jaafar, B. Quelennec, C. Moreau, D. Lourdin, J.E. Maigret, et al.. Plant Cell wall inspired Xyloglucan/Cellulose Nanocrystals Aerogels Produced By Freeze-Casting. Carbohydrate Polymers, Elsevier, 2020, 247, pp.116642. ⟨10.1016/j.carbpol.2020.116642⟩. ⟨hal-02887173⟩

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