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Probing polyelectrolyte adsorption in charged nanochannels by streaming potential measurements

Abstract : It remains a great experimental challenge to obtain quantitative information on the polyelectrolyte (PE) behavior confined in charged nanoporous materials. Here, we propose an original approach using transverse streaming potential measurements (TSPMs), an efficient technique providing information on the electrical surface properties of nanoporous materials through the ζ-potential determination. We conduct TSPMs within the thin double-layer approximation on a model system composed of individual nanochannels, a nanoporous anodic aluminum oxide (AAO) membrane, filled with a well-known PE, sodium polystyrenesulfonate (NaPSS). We demonstrate that TSPMs can provide the AAO ζ-potential under different experimental conditions and monitor the PE penetration in AAO with positive or negative surface charge. On the positive surface, the PE irreversibly adsorbs, while it does not when the surface is negatively charged, indicating the electrostatic nature of the PE adsorption. In the context of experimental limitations to investigate PE behavior on concave surfaces, this study shows that the TSPM is suitable to extract quantitative information and can be exploited to gain an understanding of the PE adsorption and desorption in a confined medium.
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Anastasia Christoulaki, Didier Lairez, Emmanuelle Dubois, Nicolas Jouault. Probing polyelectrolyte adsorption in charged nanochannels by streaming potential measurements. ACS Macro Letters, Washington, D.C : American Chemical Society, 2020, 9 (6), pp.794-798. ⟨10.1021/acsmacrolett.0c00172⟩. ⟨hal-02888666⟩

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