Mineralocorticoid receptor blockade with finerenone improves heart function and exercise capacity in ovariectomized mice - Sorbonne Université Access content directly
Journal Articles ESC Heart Failure Year : 2021

Mineralocorticoid receptor blockade with finerenone improves heart function and exercise capacity in ovariectomized mice

Zoubir Djerada
Frédéric Jaisser

Abstract

Aims: In post-menopausal women, incidence of heart failure with preserved ejection fraction is higher than in men. Hormonal replacement therapies did not demonstrate benefits. We tested whether the non-steroidal mineralocorticoid receptor antagonist finerenone limits the progression of heart failure in ovariectomized (OVX) mice with metabolic disorders.Methods and results: Ovariectomy was performed in 4-month-old mice, treated or not at 7 months old for 1 month with finerenone (Fine) 1 mg/kg/day. Left ventricular (LV) cardiac and coronary endothelial functions were assessed by echocardiography, catheterization, and myography. Blood pressure was measured by plethysmography. Insulin and glucose tolerance tests were performed. Exercise capacity and spontaneous activity were measured on treadmill and in combined indirect calorimetric cages equipped with voluntary running wheel. OVX mice presented LV diastolic dysfunction without modification of ejection fraction compared with controls (CTL), whereas finerenone improved LV filling pressure (LV end-diastolic pressure, mmHg: CTL 3.48 ± 0.41, OVX 6.17 ± 0.30**, OVX + Fine 3.65 ± 0.55† , **P < 0.01 vs. CTL, † P < 0.05 vs. OVX) and compliance (LV end-diastolic pressure-volume relation, mmHg/RVU: CTL 1.65 ± 0.42, OVX 4.77 ± 0.37***, OVX + Fine 2.87 ± 0.26†† , ***P < 0.001 vs. CTL, †† P < 0.01 vs. OVX). Acetylcholine-induced endothelial-dependent relaxation of coronary arteries was impaired in ovariectomized mice and improved by finerenone (relaxation, %: CTL 86 ± 8, OVX 38 ± 3**, OVX + Fine 83 ± 7†† , **P < 0.01 vs. CTL, †† P < 0.01 vs. OVX). Finerenone improved decreased ATP production by subsarcolemmal mitochondria after ovariectomy. Weight gain, increased blood pressure, and decreased insulin and glucose tolerance in OVX mice were improved by finerenone. The exercise capacity at race was diminished in untreated OVX mice only. Spontaneous activity measurements in ovariectomized mice showed decreased horizontal movements, reduced time spent in a running wheel, and reduced VO2 and VCO2 , all parameters improved by finerenone.Conclusions: Finerenone improved cardiovascular dysfunction and exercise capacity after ovariectomy-induced LV diastolic dysfunction with preserved ejection fraction.
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Dates and versions

hal-03176322 , version 1 (30-01-2024)

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Marie Pieronne-Deperrois, Alexandre Guéret, Zoubir Djerada, Clément Crochemore, Najah Harouki, et al.. Mineralocorticoid receptor blockade with finerenone improves heart function and exercise capacity in ovariectomized mice. ESC Heart Failure, 2021, 8 (3), pp.1933-1943. ⟨10.1002/ehf2.13219⟩. ⟨hal-03176322⟩
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