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Journal Articles Matter and Radiation at Extremes Year : 2021

XFEL and HHG interaction with matter: Effects of ultrashort pulses and random spikes

Abstract

The theory of photoionization describing the interaction of x-ray free-electron laser (XFEL) pulses and high-harmonic-generated (HHG) radiation is generalized to ultrashort laser pulses, where the concept of the standard ionization probability per unit time in Fermi’s golden rule and in Einstein’s theory breaks down. Numerical calculations carried out in terms of a generalized photoionization probability for the total duration of pulses in the near-threshold regime demonstrate essentially nonlinear behavior, while absolute values may change by orders of magnitude for typical XFEL and HHG pulses. XFEL self-amplified spontaneous emission pulses are analyzed to reveal general features of photoionization for random and regular spikes: the dependences of the nonlinear photoionization probability on carrier frequency and spike duration are very similar, allowing an analytical expectation value approach that is valid even when there is only limited knowledge of random and regular parameters. Numerical simulations carried out for typical parameters demonstrate excellent agreement.
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Dates and versions

hal-03190210 , version 1 (06-04-2021)

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F. Rosmej, V. Astapenko, E. S Khramov. XFEL and HHG interaction with matter: Effects of ultrashort pulses and random spikes. Matter and Radiation at Extremes, 2021, 6 (3), pp.034001. ⟨10.1063/5.0046040⟩. ⟨hal-03190210⟩
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