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Roughness on liquid-infused surfaces induced by capillary waves

Abstract : Liquid-infused surfaces (LISs) are a promising technique for reducing friction, fouling and icing in both laminar and turbulent flows. Previous work has demonstrated that these surfaces are susceptible to shear-driven drainage. Here, we report a different failure mode using direct numerical simulations of a turbulent channel flow with liquid-infused longitudinal grooves. When the liquid-liquid surface tension is small and/or grooves are wide, we observe travelling-wave perturbations on the interface with amplitudes larger than the viscous sublayer of the turbulent flow. These capillary waves induce a roughness effect that increases drag. The generation mechanism of these waves is explained using the theory developed by Miles for gravity waves. Energy is transferred from the turbulent flow to the LIS provided that there is a negative curvature of the mean flow at the critical layer. Given the groove width, the Weber number and an estimate of the friction Reynolds number, we provide relations to determine whether a LIS behaves as a smooth or rough surface in a turbulent flow.
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https://hal.sorbonne-universite.fr/hal-03202045
Contributor : Gestionnaire Hal-Su <>
Submitted on : Monday, April 19, 2021 - 2:51:01 PM
Last modification on : Tuesday, April 20, 2021 - 3:30:58 AM

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Johan Sundin, Stéphane Zaleski, Shervin Bagheri. Roughness on liquid-infused surfaces induced by capillary waves. Journal of Fluid Mechanics, Cambridge University Press (CUP), 2021, 915, ⟨10.1017/jfm.2021.241⟩. ⟨hal-03202045⟩

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