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Modeling sequence-space exploration and emergence of epistatic signals in protein evolution

Abstract : During their evolution, proteins explore sequence space via an interplay between random mutations and phenotypic selection. Here we build upon recent progress in reconstructing data-driven fitness landscapes for families of homologous proteins, to propose stochastic models of experimental protein evolution. These models predict quantitatively important features of experimentally evolved sequence libraries, like fitness distributions and position-specific mutational spectra. They also allow us to efficiently simulate sequence libraries for a vast array of combinations of experimental parameters like sequence divergence, selection strength and library size. We showcase the potential of the approach in re-analyzing two recent experiments to determine protein structure from signals of epistasis emerging in experimental sequence libraries. To be detectable, these signals require sufficiently large and sufficiently diverged libraries. Our modeling framework offers a quantitative explanation for different outcomes of recently published experiments. Furthermore, we can forecast the outcome of time-and resource-intensive evolution experiments, opening thereby a way to computationally optimize experimental protocols.
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Submitted on : Wednesday, November 10, 2021 - 3:22:27 PM
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M Bisardi, J Rodriguez-Rivas, Francesco Zamponi, M Weigt. Modeling sequence-space exploration and emergence of epistatic signals in protein evolution. Molecular Biology and Evolution, Oxford University Press (OUP), 2021, ⟨10.1093/molbev/msab321/6424001⟩. ⟨hal-03424483⟩

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