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Relevance of Dynamic 18F-DOPA PET Radiomics for Differentiation of High-Grade Glioma Progression from Treatment-Related Changes

Abstract : This study evaluates the relevance of 18F-DOPA PET static and dynamic radiomics for differentiation of high-grade glioma (HGG) progression from treatment-related changes (TRC) by comparing diagnostic performances to the current PET imaging standard of care. Eighty-five patients with histologically confirmed HGG and investigated by dynamic 18F-FDOPA PET in two institutions were retrospectively selected. ElasticNet logistic regression, Random Forest and XGBoost machine models were trained with different sets of features—radiomics extracted from static tumor-to-background-ratio (TBR) parametric images, radiomics extracted from time-to-peak (TTP) parametric images, as well as combination of both—in order to discriminate glioma progression from TRC at 6 months from the PET scan. Diagnostic performances of the models were compared to a logistic regression model with TBRmean ± clinical features used as reference. Training was performed on data from the first center, while external validation was performed on data from the second center. Best radiomics models showed only slightly better performances than the reference model (respective AUCs of 0.834 vs. 0.792, p < 0.001). Our current results show similar findings at the multicentric level using different machine learning models and report a marginal additional value for TBR static and TTP dynamic radiomics over the classical analysis based on TBR values.
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https://hal.sorbonne-universite.fr/hal-03519092
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Submitted on : Monday, January 10, 2022 - 12:13:50 PM
Last modification on : Thursday, August 4, 2022 - 5:20:09 PM
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Shamimeh Ahrari, Timothée Zaragori, Laura Rozenblum, Julien Oster, Laëtitia Imbert, et al.. Relevance of Dynamic 18F-DOPA PET Radiomics for Differentiation of High-Grade Glioma Progression from Treatment-Related Changes. Biomedicines, MDPI, 2021, 9 (12), pp.1924. ⟨10.3390/biomedicines9121924⟩. ⟨hal-03519092⟩

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