Antiviral Effects of Cacicol\textregistered, a Heparan Sulfate Biomimetic for Corneal Regeneration Therapy, for Herpes Simplex Virus Type-1 and Varicella Zoster Virus Infection - Sorbonne Université Access content directly
Journal Articles Antiviral therapy Year : 2018

Antiviral Effects of Cacicol\textregistered, a Heparan Sulfate Biomimetic for Corneal Regeneration Therapy, for Herpes Simplex Virus Type-1 and Varicella Zoster Virus Infection

Abstract

Background Cacicol\textregistered, a topical eye biopolymer containing a poly-carboxymethylglucose sulfate solution that is a regenerating matrix therapy agent, intended for wound healing of persistent corneal epithelial defects. Based on the chemical composition, we hypothesized that Cacicol\textregistered may compete with natural heparan sulfate (HS) which initiates cell surface attachment of herpes simplex virus type-1 (HSV-1), varicella zoster virus (VZV) and human adenovirus (HAdV), three viruses associated with corneal infections. Methods Cacicol\textregistered was compared to vehicle in the following viral strains: HSV-1 SC16 strain and HSV-1 PSLR, a clinical isolate highly resistant to acyclovir and foscarnet; VZV ATH and VZV FLO, two VZV clinical isolates; and HAdV-D37 strain. Viruses in Cacicol\textregistered or vehicle were added to cells for 1 h during adsorption then viral replication was assessed by plaque reduction assays on Vero cells for HSV-1 and MeWo cells for VZV and by immunostaining assay on Hep-2 cells for HAdV-D37. Results The vehicle had no effect, dose-dependent effects were demonstrated when HSV-1 SC16, HSV-1 PSLR, VZV ATH and VZV FLO were inoculated in the presence of Cacicol\textregistered, inhibiting viral replication by 98.4%, 98.9%, 90.1% and 89.0%, respectively. Cacicol\textregistered had no antiviral effect against HAdV-D37. Conclusions Cacicol\textregistered has a significant antiviral activity on HSV-1 and VZV, but not on HAdV-D37. The lack of effect on HAdV is probably because it is less dependent on HS interactions for cell entry. Clinical studies are necessary to determine Cacicol\textregistered for an adjunct or alternative therapy of corneal HSV-1 or VZV infection, particularly for the management of antiviral resistant HSV-1.
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Dates and versions

hal-03793449 , version 1 (01-10-2022)

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Claire Deback, Antoine Rousseau, Magali Breckler, Lucie Molet, David Boutolleau, et al.. Antiviral Effects of Cacicol\textregistered, a Heparan Sulfate Biomimetic for Corneal Regeneration Therapy, for Herpes Simplex Virus Type-1 and Varicella Zoster Virus Infection. Antiviral therapy, 2018, 23 (8), pp.665--675. ⟨10.3851/IMP3254⟩. ⟨hal-03793449⟩
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