Differential Performance of the FilmArray Meningitis/Encephalitis Assay To Detect Bacterial and Viral Pathogens in Both Pediatric and Adult Populations - Sorbonne Université Access content directly
Journal Articles MICROBIOLOGY SPECTRUM Year : 2022

Differential Performance of the FilmArray Meningitis/Encephalitis Assay To Detect Bacterial and Viral Pathogens in Both Pediatric and Adult Populations

Abstract

Based on our comparative analysis of performances of the diagnostic assays, we propose an algorithm for the use of both syndromic and specific assays, for an optimal care of the meningitis/encephalitis threat in adult and pediatric patients. , ABSTRACT Meningitis/encephalitis (ME) syndromic diagnostic assays can be applied for the rapid one-step detection of the most common pathogens in cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). However, the comprehensive performance of multiplex assays is still under evaluation. In our multisite university hospital of eastern Paris, France, ME syndromic testing has been gradually implemented since 2017 for patients with neurological symptoms presenting to an adult or pediatric emergency unit. We analyzed the results from the BioFire FilmArray ME panel versus standard routine bacteriology and virology techniques, together with CSF cytology and clinical data, over a 2.5-year period to compare the diagnostic accuracy of the FilmArray ME panel to that of the reference methods. In total, 1,744 CSF samples from 1,334 pediatric and 336 adult patients were analyzed. False-positive (mostly bacterial) and false-negative (mostly viral) cases were deciphered with the help of clinical data. The performance of the FilmArray ME panel in our study was better for bacterial detection (specificity\,>99%, sensitivity 100%) than viral detection (specificity\,>99%, sensitivity 75% for herpes simplex virus 1 [HSV-1] and 89% for enterovirus), our study being one of the largest, to date, concerning enteroviruses. The use of a threshold of 10 leukocytes/mm 3 considerably increased the positive agreement between the results of the FilmArray ME panel and the clinical features, especially for bacterial pathogens, for which agreement increased from 58% to 87%, avoiding two-thirds of inappropriate testing. Based on this analysis, we propose an algorithm for the use of both syndromic and specific assays for the optimal management of suspected meningitis/encephalitis in adult and pediatric patients. IMPORTANCE Based on our comparative analysis of performances of the diagnostic assays, we propose an algorithm for the use of both syndromic and specific assays, for an optimal care of the meningitis/encephalitis threat in adult and pediatric patients.

Dates and versions

hal-03793535 , version 1 (01-10-2022)

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Aurélie Schnuriger, Sophie Vimont, Alexandre Godmer, Joël Gozlan, Salah Gallah, et al.. Differential Performance of the FilmArray Meningitis/Encephalitis Assay To Detect Bacterial and Viral Pathogens in Both Pediatric and Adult Populations. MICROBIOLOGY SPECTRUM, 2022, 10 (2), pp.e02774-21. ⟨10.1128/spectrum.02774-21⟩. ⟨hal-03793535⟩
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