Long-Term Follow-up of HIV-infected Patients on Dolutegravir Monotherapy - Sorbonne Université Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy Year : 2020

Long-Term Follow-up of HIV-infected Patients on Dolutegravir Monotherapy

Abstract

Abstract Background In recent years, dolutegravir monotherapy has been explored as a drug-reduced regimen for HIV patients. Methods This was a retrospective observational study, including patients virologically suppressed for ≥q6\,months, without previous virological failure (VF) under integrase inhibitors (INIs), who had been switched to dolutegravir monotherapy (50\,mg/day). The primary aim was to report the proportion of VF at week 48 (W48) and week 96 (W96) of dolutegravir monotherapy. The evolution from baseline to W48 of residual viraemia on ultra-deep sequencing and HIV DNA was also evaluated. Results Sixty-one patients were included. Prior to switching to dolutegravir monotherapy, they had a median (IQR) of 15.4 (6.5\textendash 19.9) years of antiretroviral exposure, 5.8 (3.2\textendash 10.3) years of viral suppression and 687 (461\textendash 848) CD4+ cells/mm3. They remained on dolutegravir monotherapy for a median (IQR) of 100 (29\textendash 148) weeks. Forty-two out of 61 patients (68.9%) reached W48 and 32 out of 61 patients (52.5%) reached W96. VF occurred in three patients, with the emergence of INI resistance. VF occurred before W24 and in patients pre-exposed to INIs. At W48, the probability of VF (Kaplan\textendash Meier analysis) was 5.6% (95% CI\,= 1.8%\textendash 16.4%). The same result was obtained at W96. Detectable residual viraemia did not increase and median HIV DNA did not change significantly (2.4 log/106 cells at baseline and 2.3 log/106 cells at W48). Dolutegravir plasma concentration was above the IC90 in 41/41 samples, from 22 patients. Conclusions Long-term follow-up showed a low risk of VF under dolutegravir monotherapy, in a selected population of patients with previous long-term virological suppression and low HIV reservoir.

Dates and versions

hal-03793544 , version 1 (01-10-2022)

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G Tebano, C Soulié, L Schneider, C Blanc, R Agher, et al.. Long-Term Follow-up of HIV-infected Patients on Dolutegravir Monotherapy. Journal of Antimicrobial Chemotherapy, 2020, 75 (3), pp.675--680. ⟨10.1093/jac/dkz478⟩. ⟨hal-03793544⟩
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