Development and Validation of the Long Coronavirus Disease (COVID) Symptom and Impact Tools: A Set of Patient-Reported Instruments Constructed From Patients' Lived Experience - Sorbonne Université Access content directly
Journal Articles Clinical Infectious Diseases Year : 2022

Development and Validation of the Long Coronavirus Disease (COVID) Symptom and Impact Tools: A Set of Patient-Reported Instruments Constructed From Patients' Lived Experience

Abstract

Abstract Background To develop and validate patient-reported instruments, based on patients' lived experiences, for monitoring the symptoms and impact of long coronavirus disease (covid). Methods The long covid Symptom and Impact Tools (ST and IT) were constructed from the answers to a survey with open-ended questions to 492 patients with long COVID. Validation of the tools involved adult patients with suspected or confirmed coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) and symptoms extending over 3 weeks after onset. Construct validity was assessed by examining the relations of the ST and IT scores with health-related quality of life (EQ-5D-5L), function (PCFS, post-COVID functional scale), and perceived health (MYMOP2, Measure yourself medical outcome profile 2). Reliability was determined by a test-retest. The ``patient acceptable symptomatic state'' (PASS) was determined by the percentile method. Results Validation involved 1022 participants (55% with confirmed COVID-19, 79% female, and 12.5% hospitalized for COVID-19). The long COVID ST and IT scores were strongly correlated with the EQ-5D-5L (rs\hspace0.25em=\hspace0.25em-0.45 and rs\hspace0.25em=\hspace0.25em-0.59, respectively), the PCFS (rs\hspace0.25em=\hspace0.25em-0.39 and rs\hspace0.25em=\hspace0.25em-0.55), and the MYMOP2 (rs\hspace0.25em=\hspace0.25em-0.40 and rs\hspace0.25em=\hspace0.25em-0.59). Reproducibility was excellent with an interclass correlation coefficient of 0.83 (95% confidence interval .80 to .86) for the ST score and 0.84 (.80 to .87) for the IT score. In total, 793 (77.5%) patients reported an unacceptable symptomatic state, thereby setting the PASS for the long covid IT score at 30 (28 to 33). Conclusions The long covid ST and IT tools, constructed from patients' lived experiences, provide the first validated and reliable instruments for monitoring the symptoms and impact of long covid.

Dates and versions

hal-03895171 , version 1 (12-12-2022)

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Viet-Thi Tran, Carolina Riveros, Bérangère Clepier, Moïse Desvarieux, Camille Collet, et al.. Development and Validation of the Long Coronavirus Disease (COVID) Symptom and Impact Tools: A Set of Patient-Reported Instruments Constructed From Patients' Lived Experience. Clinical Infectious Diseases, 2022, 74 (2), pp.278-287. ⟨10.1093/cid/ciab352⟩. ⟨hal-03895171⟩
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