Valence-shell ionization of acetyl cyanide: simulation of the photoelectron and infra-red spectra - Sorbonne Université Access content directly
Journal Articles Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics Year : 2022

Valence-shell ionization of acetyl cyanide: simulation of the photoelectron and infra-red spectra

Abstract

The vibrational envelopes of the first and second lines of the acetyl cyanide valence photoelectron spectrum [Katsumata et al., J. Electron Spectrosc. Relat. Phenom., 2000, 49, 113] in the gas phase have been simulated considering the Taylor expansion of the dipole moment from zero up to the second order as well as the changes of geometries/frequencies/normal modes between the initial neutral electronic ground state and the final (15a′(−1), 3a′′(−1)) cationic states. It is shown that the vibrational profile of the first band (A′) extending over 3500 cm−1 with a vibrational spacing of 500 cm−1 is not due solely to the overtones (v = 0 → v′ = 1, 2, 3,…) of the C–C[double bond, length as m-dash]O bending mode as previously suggested but results from a collection of (v = 0 → v′ = 1) transitions with frequencies multiple of 500 cm−1 associated with the C[double bond, length as m-dash]O stretching at 1550 cm−1, C–C stretching at 1045 cm−1 and C–C[double bond, length as m-dash]O, C–C[triple bond, length as m-dash]N bending modes at 370/500 cm−1 completed by combination bands. Our calculations also reveal that the structureless and asymmetric shape of the second band (A′′) is due to the activation of the torsion mode at low-frequency (ω ≈ 150 cm−1) induced by the rotation (60 degrees) of the methyl group blurring the main vibrational progression (ω ≈ 1115 cm−1) corresponding to the cooperative motions of the methyl CH bending and C–C[double bond, length as m-dash]O bending/C[double bond, length as m-dash]O stretching. Infra-red spectra of the fundamental and both the 15a′(−1) and 3a′′(−1) cationic states were finally simulated. In contrast to the photoemission spectra, the infrared intensity of the CO stretching motion is very weak. The spectra are mainly dominated by the v = 0 → v = 1 transition of the C[triple bond, length as m-dash]N stretching and the CH symmetric bending/stretching modes, providing complementary information between photoemission and infra-red spectroscopies to capture the nature of the cationic states in acetyl-cyanide.
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Dates and versions

hal-03934844 , version 1 (11-01-2023)

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Stéphane Carniato. Valence-shell ionization of acetyl cyanide: simulation of the photoelectron and infra-red spectra. Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 2022, 24 (39), pp.24246-24263. ⟨10.1039/d2cp02674k⟩. ⟨hal-03934844⟩
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