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Journal Articles Physical Review Letters Year : 2023

Driven Tracer in the Symmetric Exclusion Process: Linear Response and Beyond

Abstract

Tracer dynamics in the Symmetric Exclusion Process, where hardcore particles diffuse on an infinite one-dimensional lattice, is a paradigmatic model of anomalous diffusion. While the equilibrium situation has received a lot of attention, the case where the tracer is driven by an external force, which provides a minimal model of nonequilibrium transport in confined crowded environments, remains largely unexplored. Indeed, the only available analytical results concern the means of both the position of the tracer and the lattice occupation numbers in its frame of reference, and higher-order moments but only in the high-density limit. Here, we provide a general hydrodynamic framework that allows us to determine the first cumulants of the bath-tracer correlations and of the tracer's position in function of the driving force, up to quadratic order (beyond linear response). This result constitutes the first determination of the bias-dependence of the variance of a driven tracer in the SEP for an arbitrary density. The framework presented here can be applied, beyond the SEP, to more general configurations of a driven tracer in interaction with obstacles in one dimension.
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Dates and versions

hal-03955960 , version 1 (25-01-2023)

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Aurélien Grabsch, Pierre Rizkallah, Pierre Illien, Olivier Bénichou. Driven Tracer in the Symmetric Exclusion Process: Linear Response and Beyond. Physical Review Letters, 2023, 130 (2), pp.020402. ⟨10.1103/PhysRevLett.130.020402⟩. ⟨hal-03955960⟩
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