Lateral Diffusion of NKCC1 Contributes to Chloride Homeostasis in Neurons and Is Rapidly Regulated by the WNK Signaling Pathway - Sorbonne Université Access content directly
Journal Articles Cells Year : 2023

Lateral Diffusion of NKCC1 Contributes to Chloride Homeostasis in Neurons and Is Rapidly Regulated by the WNK Signaling Pathway

Simon Blachier
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Juliette Gouhier
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Marion Russeau
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Sabine Lévi
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Abstract

An upregulation of the Na +-K +-2Cl − cotransporter NKCC1, the main chloride importer in mature neurons, can lead to depolarizing/excitatory responses mediated by GABA type A receptors (GABAARs) and, thus, to hyperactivity. Understanding the regulatory mechanisms of NKCC1 would help prevent intra-neuronal chloride accumulation that occurs in pathologies with defective inhibition. The cell mechanisms regulating NKCC1 are poorly understood. Here, we report in mature hippocampal neurons that GABAergic activity controls the membrane diffusion and clustering of NKCC1 via the chloride-sensitive WNK lysine deficient protein kinase 1 (WNK1) and the downstream Ste20 Pro-line Asparagine Rich Kinase (SPAK) kinase that directly phosphorylates NKCC1 on key threonine residues. At rest, this signaling pathway has little effect on intracellular Cl − concentration, but it participates in the elevation of intraneuronal Cl − concentration in hyperactivity conditions associated with an up-regulation of NKCC1. The fact that the main chloride exporter, the K +-Cl − cotransporter KCC2, is also regulated in mature neurons by the WNK1 pathway indicates that this pathway will be a target of choice in the pathology.
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hal-03973953 , version 1 (08-02-2023)

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Etienne Côme, Simon Blachier, Juliette Gouhier, Marion Russeau, Sabine Lévi. Lateral Diffusion of NKCC1 Contributes to Chloride Homeostasis in Neurons and Is Rapidly Regulated by the WNK Signaling Pathway. Cells, 2023, 12 (3), pp.464. ⟨10.3390/cells12030464⟩. ⟨hal-03973953⟩
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