Reduced Oxidative Burst by Primed Neutrophils in the Elderly Individuals Is Associated With Increased Levels of the CD16<sup>bright</sup>/CD62L<sup>dim</sup>Immunosuppressive Subset - Sorbonne Université Access content directly
Journal Articles (Review Article) Journals of Gerontology Series A: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences Year : 2016

Reduced Oxidative Burst by Primed Neutrophils in the Elderly Individuals Is Associated With Increased Levels of the CD16bright/CD62LdimImmunosuppressive Subset

Abstract

The aim of our study was to analyze polymorphonuclear neutrophil (PMN) functions in elderly individuals compared with those in healthy young participants, directly in whole blood to avoid issues with data interpretation related to cell isolation procedures. Despite the presence of increased circulating levels of proinflammatory cytokines, resting PMNs from the elderly individuals were not activated as shown by normal CD62L and CD11b expression at the PMN surface and normal constitutive reactive oxygen species (ROS) production. However, suboptimal stimulation induced modulations of CD62L and CD11b expression, which positively correlated with the interleukin-6 circulating level, suggesting a possible in vivo preactivation of old PMNs by this cytokine. In addition, PMN phagocytosis of opsonized Escherichia Coli was decreased in elderly individuals. Furthermore, upon preincubation of elderly whole-blood samples with tumor necrosis factor-α or Toll Receptor agonists, we observed a reduced PMN oxidative burst in response to formyl peptides. Elderly participants also exhibited an increased percentage of the immunosuppressive CD16 bright /CD62L dim PMN subpopulation, which was characterized by a lower phagocytic index and a reduced ROS production compared with the CD16 bright /CD62L bright subset. Thus, the reduced phagocytosis and ROS production associated with an expansion of immunosuppressive CD16 bright /CD62L dim PMN subpopulation might be involved in the increased susceptibility to bacterial and fungal infections with old age.

Dates and versions

hal-04049532 , version 1 (26-06-2023)

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Delphine Sauce, Yuan Dong, Laure Campillo-Gimenez, Sarah Casulli, Charles Bayard, et al.. Reduced Oxidative Burst by Primed Neutrophils in the Elderly Individuals Is Associated With Increased Levels of the CD16bright/CD62LdimImmunosuppressive Subset. Journals of Gerontology Series A: Biological Sciences and Medical Sciences, 2016, 72, pp.163 - 172. ⟨10.1093/gerona/glw062⟩. ⟨hal-04049532⟩
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