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Journal Articles Physical Review Letters Year : 2022

Saturation of Turbulent Helical Dynamos

Guillaume Bermudez
Alexandros Ens Alexakis

Abstract

The presence of large scale magnetic fields in nature is often attributed to the inverse cascade of magnetic helicity driven by turbulent helical dynamos. In this Letter we show that in turbulent helical dynamos, the inverse flux of magnetic helicity toward the large scales ΠH is bounded by |ΠH| ≤ cϵk −1 η , where ϵ is the energy injection rate, kη is the Kolmogorov magnetic dissipation wave number and c an order one constant. Assuming the classical isotropic turbulence scaling, the inverse flux of magnetic helicity ΠH decreases at least as a −3/4 power law with the magnetic Reynolds number Rm : |ΠH| ≤ cϵℓ f Rm −3/4 max[P m, 1] 1/4 , where P m the magnetic Prandtl number and ℓ f the forcing lengthscale. We demonstrate this scaling with Rm using direct numerical simulations of turbulent dynamos forced at intermediate scales. The results further indicate that nonlinear saturation is achieved by a balance between the inverse cascade and dissipation at domain size scales L for which the saturation value of the magnetic energy is bounded by Em ≤ cL(ϵℓ f) 2/3 Rm 1/4 max[1, P m] 1/4. Numerical simulations also demonstrate this bound. These results are independent of the dynamo mechanism considered. In our setup, they imply that inviscid mechanisms cannot explain large scale magnetic fields and have critical implications for the modelling of astrophysical dynamos.
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Dates and versions

hal-04066641 , version 1 (12-04-2023)

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Guillaume Bermudez, Alexandros Ens Alexakis. Saturation of Turbulent Helical Dynamos. Physical Review Letters, 2022, 129 (19), pp.195101. ⟨10.1103/PhysRevLett.129.195101⟩. ⟨hal-04066641⟩
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