Beneficial effects of hydrogen peroxide on growth, structural and electrical properties of sprayed fluorine-doped SnO2 films - Sorbonne Université Access content directly
Journal Articles Thin Solid Films Year : 2005

Beneficial effects of hydrogen peroxide on growth, structural and electrical properties of sprayed fluorine-doped SnO2 films

Abstract

Fluorine doped SnO2 thin films were spray deposited using three tin precursors, tin tetrachloride, dibutyl-tin-diacetate and butyl-tin-trichloride, adding small amounts of hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) to the source solutions. The molar ratio range [H2O2] / [Sn] = 0 to 0.8 with respect to the tin precursor was investigated. At a given deposition temperature Td, a net optimum was found close to [H2O2] / [Sn] = 0.5 for the deposition rate, the electrical properties and the crystalline quality. The effect of H2O2 addition was found to increase the growth rate, even at a temperature as low as 340 °C. The higher was the deposition temperature Td, the larger was the increase. The deposition process of FTO films was optimized at Td = 420 °C. At this temperature, the most significant result with respect to solar cell applications was obtained with butyl-tin-trichloride as tin precursor and [H2O2] / [Sn] = 0.6; carrier concentration : 4.5 × 1020 cm− 3; mobility : 34 cm2 V− 1 s− 1; resistivity: 4.1 × 10− 4 Ω cm. It is concluded that the main effect of addition of hydrogen peroxide is to improve the film crystallization at a lower Td than in the absence of H2O2, increasing the carrier mobility significantly and keeping a high deposition rate.

Dates and versions

hal-04175620 , version 1 (02-08-2023)

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M. Adnane, Hubert Cachet, Guy Folcher, S. Hamzaoui. Beneficial effects of hydrogen peroxide on growth, structural and electrical properties of sprayed fluorine-doped SnO2 films. Thin Solid Films, 2005, 492 (1-2), pp.240-247. ⟨10.1016/j.tsf.2005.06.085⟩. ⟨hal-04175620⟩
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