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Journal Articles Nature Reviews Neuroscience Year : 2023

Cerebrospinal fluid-contacting neurons: multimodal cells with diverse roles in the CNS

Abstract

The cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) is a complex solution that circulates around the CNS, and whose composition changes as a function of an animal's physiological state. A type of ciliated neurons that are bathed in the CSFand thus referred to as CSF-contacting neurons (CSF-cNs) are unusual polymodal interoceptive neurons. As chemoreceptors, CSF-cNs respond to variations in pH and osmolarity and to bacterial metabolites in the CSF. Their activation during infections of the CNS results in secretion of compounds to enhance host survival. As mechanosensory neurons, CSF-cNs operate together with an extracellular proteinaceous polymer known as the Reissner fibre to detect compression during spinal curvature. Once activated, CSF-cNs inhibit motor neurons, premotor excitatory neurons and command neurons to enhance movement speed and stabilize posture. At longer timescales, CSF-cNs instruct morphogenesis throughout life via the release of neuropeptides that act over long distances on skeletal muscle. Finally, recent evidence suggests that mouse CSF-cNs may act as neural stem cells in the spinal cord, inspiring new paths of investigation for repair after injury.
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hal-04192775 , version 1 (31-08-2023)

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Claire Wyart, Martin Carbo-Tano, Yasmine Cantaut-Belarif, Adeline Orts-Del’immagine, Urs L Böhm. Cerebrospinal fluid-contacting neurons: multimodal cells with diverse roles in the CNS. Nature Reviews Neuroscience, 2023, 24 (9), pp.540-556. ⟨10.1038/s41583-023-00723-8⟩. ⟨hal-04192775⟩
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