Debates on the dorsomedial prefrontal/dorsal anterior cingulate cortex: insights for future research - Sorbonne Université Access content directly
Journal Articles Brain - A Journal of Neurology Year : 2023

Debates on the dorsomedial prefrontal/dorsal anterior cingulate cortex: insights for future research

Nicolas Clairis

Abstract

The dorsomedial prefrontal cortex/dorsal anterior cingulate cortex (dmPFC/dACC) is a brain area subject to many theories and debates over its function(s). Even its precise anatomical borders are subject to much controversy. In the past decades, the dmPFC/dACC has been associated with more than fifteen different cognitive processes, which sometimes appear quite unrelated (e.g., body perception, cognitive conflict). As a result, understanding what the dmPFC/dACC does has become a real challenge for many neuroscientists. Several theories of this brain area's function(s) have been developed, leading to successive and competitive publications bearing different models, which sometimes contradict each other. During the last two decades, the lively scientific exchanges around the dmPFC/dACC have promoted fruitful research in cognitive neuroscience. In this review, we provide an overview of the anatomy of the dmPFC/dACC, summarize the state of the art of functions that have been associated with this brain area, and present the main theories aiming at explaining the dmPFC/dACC function(s). We explore the commonalities and the arguments between the different theories. Finally, we explain what can be learned from these debates for future investigations of the dmPFC/dACC and other brain regions' functions.
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hal-04194949 , version 1 (04-09-2023)

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Attribution - NonCommercial - ShareAlike

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Nicolas Clairis, Alizée Lopez-Persem. Debates on the dorsomedial prefrontal/dorsal anterior cingulate cortex: insights for future research. Brain - A Journal of Neurology , 2023, ⟨10.1093/brain/awad263⟩. ⟨hal-04194949⟩
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