Identification of the specific molecular and functional signatures of pre-beta-HDL: relevance to cardiovascular disease - Sorbonne Université Access content directly
Journal Articles Basic Research in Cardiology Year : 2023

Identification of the specific molecular and functional signatures of pre-beta-HDL: relevance to cardiovascular disease

Abstract

While low concentrations of high-density lipoprotein-cholesterol (HDL-C) are widely accepted as an independent cardiovascular risk factor, HDL-C-rising therapies largely failed, suggesting the importance of both HDL functions and individual subspecies. Indeed HDL particles are highly heterogeneous, with small, dense pre-beta-HDLs being considered highly biologically active but remaining poorly studied, largely reflecting difficulties for their purification. We developed an original experimental approach allowing the isolation of sufficient amounts of human pre-beta-HDLs and revealing the specificity of their proteomic and lipidomic profiles and biological activities. Pre-beta-HDLs were enriched in highly poly-unsaturated species of phosphatidic acid and phosphatidylserine, and in an unexpectedly high number of proteins implicated in the inflammatory response, including serum paraoxonase/arylesterase-1, vitronectin and clusterin, as well as in complement regulation and immunity, including haptoglobin-related protein, complement proteins and those of the immunoglobulin class. Interestingly, amongst proteins associated with lipid metabolism, phospholipid transfer protein, cholesteryl ester transfer protein and lecithin:cholesterol acyltransferase were strongly enriched in, or restricted to, pre-beta-HDL. Furthermore, pre-beta-HDL potently mediated cellular cholesterol efflux and displayed strong anti-inflammatory activities. A correlational network analysis between lipidome, proteome and biological activities highlighted 15 individual lipid and protein components of pre-beta-HDL relevant to cardiovascular disease, which may constitute novel diagnostic targets in a pathological context of altered lipoprotein metabolism.
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Dates and versions

hal-04197187 , version 1 (05-09-2023)

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Isabelle Guillas, Marie Lhomme, Cédric Pionneau, Lucrèce Matheron, Maharajah Ponnaiah, et al.. Identification of the specific molecular and functional signatures of pre-beta-HDL: relevance to cardiovascular disease. Basic Research in Cardiology, 2023, 118 (1), pp.33. ⟨10.1007/s00395-023-01004-2⟩. ⟨hal-04197187⟩
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