EndoC-βH5 cells are storable and ready-to-use human pancreatic beta cells with physiological insulin secretion - Sorbonne Université Access content directly
Journal Articles Molecular metabolism Year : 2023

EndoC-βH5 cells are storable and ready-to-use human pancreatic beta cells with physiological insulin secretion

Bruno Blanchi
  • Function : Author
  • PersonId : 1297348
Marion Taurand
  • Function : Author
Sofia Thomaidou
  • Function : Author
Charlotte Audeoud
  • Function : Author
Federica Fantuzzi
  • Function : Author
Toshiaki Sawatani
  • Function : Author
Sevda Gheibi
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Joan Sabadell-Basallote
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Fransje W.J. Boot
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Thibault Chantier
  • Function : Author
Aline Piet
  • Function : Author
Charlotte Cavanihac
  • Function : Author
Marion Pilette
  • Function : Author
Adélie Balguerie
  • Function : Author
Hamza Olleik
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Françoise Carlotti
  • Function : Author
Miriam Ejarque
  • Function : Author
Malin Fex
  • Function : Author
Hindrik Mulder
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Miriam Cnop
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Decio L Eizirik
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Ouardane Jouannot
  • Function : Author
Anne-Lise Gaffuri
  • Function : Author
Paul Czernichow
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Arnaud Zaldumbide
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Abstract

Objectives: Readily accessible human pancreatic beta cells that are functionally close to primary adult beta cells are a crucial model to better understand human beta cell physiology and develop new treatments for diabetes. We here report the characterization of EndoC-bH5 cells, the latest in the EndoC-bH cell family. Methods: EndoC-bH5 cells were generated by integrative gene transfer of immortalizing transgenes hTERT and SV40 large T along with Herpes Simplex Virus-1 thymidine kinase into human fetal pancreas. Immortalizing transgenes were removed after amplification using CRE activation and remaining non-excized cells eliminated using ganciclovir. Resulting cells were distributed as ready to use EndoC-bH5 cells. We performed transcriptome, immunological and extensive functional assays. Results: Ready to use EndoC-bH5 cells display highly efficient glucose dependent insulin secretion. A robust 10-fold insulin secretion index was observed and reproduced in four independent laboratories across Europe. EndoC-bH5 cells secrete insulin in a dynamic manner in response to glucose and secretion is further potentiated by GIP and GLP-1 analogs. RNA-seq confirmed abundant expression of beta cell transcription factors and functional markers, including incretin receptors. Cytokines induce a gene expression signature of inflammatory pathways and antigen processing and presentation. Finally, modified HLA-A2 expressing EndoC-bH5 cells elicit specific A2-alloreactive CD8 T cell activation. Conclusions: EndoC-bH5 cells represent a unique storable and ready to use human pancreatic beta cell model with highly robust and reproducible features. Such cells are thus relevant for the study of beta cell function, screening and validation of new drugs, and development of disease models.
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Dates and versions

hal-04251270 , version 1 (20-10-2023)

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Bruno Blanchi, Marion Taurand, Claire Colace, Sofia Thomaidou, Charlotte Audeoud, et al.. EndoC-βH5 cells are storable and ready-to-use human pancreatic beta cells with physiological insulin secretion. Molecular metabolism, 2023, 76, pp.101772. ⟨10.1016/j.molmet.2023.101772⟩. ⟨hal-04251270⟩
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