Characterization of Redox Sensitive Brown Algal Mannitol-1-Phosphatases - Sorbonne Université Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of Phycology Year : 2022

Characterization of Redox Sensitive Brown Algal Mannitol-1-Phosphatases

Abstract

Macroalgae (seaweeds) are key primary producers in marine coastal habitats and largely contribute to global ocean carbon fluxes. They also represent attractive renewable feedstock for the production of biofuels, food, feed, and bioactive. Brown algae are seaweeds that produce alginates and fucose containing sulfated polysaccharides in their cell wall and laminarin and mannitol for carbon storage. The availability of genomes of the kelp Saccharina japonica and of the filamentous Ectocarpus sp. paved the way for the biochemical characterization of recombinant enzymes involved in their polysaccharide and carbohydrates synthesis, including, notably, mannitol. Brown algal mannitol biosynthesis starts with the conversion of fructose-6-phospate into mannitol-1-phosphate (mannitol-1P), and this intermediate is hydrolysed by a haloacid dehalogenase phosphatase (M1Pase) to produce mannitol. We report here the biochemical characterization of a second M1Pase in Ectocarpus sp. (EsM1Pase1). Both Ectocarpus M1Pases were redox-sensitive enzymes, with EsM1Pase1 active only in presence of the reducing agent. Such catalytic properties have not been observed for any M1Pases yet. EsM1Pases were specific to mannitol-1-P, in contrast to S. japonica M1Pases that could act on other phosphorylated sugars. Finally, brown algal M1Pases formed two well-supported clades, with possible distinct subcellular localization and physiological role(s) under diverse environmental conditions and/or life cycle stages.
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hal-04256946 , version 1 (25-03-2024)

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Yoran Le Strat, Thierry Tonon, Catherine Leblanc, Agnès Groisillier. Characterization of Redox Sensitive Brown Algal Mannitol-1-Phosphatases. Journal of Phycology, 2022, 3 (1), pp.1-12. ⟨10.3390/phycology3010001⟩. ⟨hal-04256946⟩
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