Reduced Post-Transplant Cyclophosphamide Dose with Antithymocyte Globulin in Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Haploidentical Transplantation - Sorbonne Université Access content directly
Journal Articles Bone Marrow Transplantation Year : 2023

Reduced Post-Transplant Cyclophosphamide Dose with Antithymocyte Globulin in Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Haploidentical Transplantation

Abstract

Post-transplant cyclophosphamide (PT-Cy) is effective for graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) prophylaxis, but it may cause dose-dependent toxicities, particularly in frail patients. Therefore, we compared the outcomes with a reduced PT-Cy total dose (70 mg/kg) to those with the standard PT-Cy dose (100 mg/kg) in haploidentical hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) patients aged ≥65 years and those with cardiac comorbidities. All consecutive patients with a hematological malignancy receiving peripheral blood stem cells (PBSCs) after a thiotepa-based conditioning with low-dose antithymocyte globulin were included. Thirty-three patients received PT-Cy at 70 mg/kg and 25 at 100 mg/kg. PT-Cy dose reduction did not increase the risk of GVHD and was associated with faster neutrophil and platelet recovery and lower cumulative incidences of bacteremia (38% versus 72%, p=0.004) and cardiac complications (12% versus 44%, p=0.028). At 2 years, GVHD-free, relapse-free survival (GRFS) was higher with the reduced dose compared to the standard dose (60% versus 33%, p=0.04). In conclusion, reducing PT-Cy total dose to 70 mg/kg is a safe and valid approach for elderly patients and those with cardiac comorbidities underdoing haploidentical HCT with PBSCs and low-dose antithymocyte globulin. The reduced PT-Cy dose was associated with improved hematological count recovery, lower incidence of toxicities, and higher GRFS.
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Dates and versions

hal-04257048 , version 1 (24-10-2023)

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Rémy Duléry, Florent Malard, Eolia Brissot, Anne Banet, Simona Sestili, et al.. Reduced Post-Transplant Cyclophosphamide Dose with Antithymocyte Globulin in Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Haploidentical Transplantation. Bone Marrow Transplantation, 2023, ⟨10.1038/s41409-023-02085-2⟩. ⟨hal-04257048⟩
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