Phase Transition and Related Phenomena in Chemically Deposited Polycrystalline Cadmium Sulfide Thin Films - Sorbonne Université Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of Physical Chemistry B Year : 1997

Phase Transition and Related Phenomena in Chemically Deposited Polycrystalline Cadmium Sulfide Thin Films

Abstract

Optical and structural properties of chemically deposited CdS films have been characterized by using spectroscopic ellipsometry and electron transmission microscopy. Three representative cases have been studied using grown metastable cubic film and two films annealed at 400 °C (30 min) with and without a CdCl2 pretreatment (2 min dip in a CdCl2-saturated methanol solution). Without the pretreatment, the film remains at an intermediate state between the cubic and the stable hexagonal structure. With the pretreatment, a full transition to the hexagonal structure along with a strong recrystallization takes place. Full cubic or hexagonal films present high band gap values (2.44−2.46 eV), whereas band gap narrowing by ≈0.1 eV is observed in the second case. This effect is shown to be associated to a spatially modulated structure with a high density of stacking faults. This structure can be identified as a polytype cubic/hexagonal structure, which is a metastable intermediate in the phase transition process. Possible origins of the associated band gap lowering as order/disorder transition or stress effects are discussed.

Dates and versions

hal-04342343 , version 1 (13-12-2023)

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Daniel Lincot, Bandombele Mokili, Michel Froment, Robert Cortès, Marie Claude Bernard, et al.. Phase Transition and Related Phenomena in Chemically Deposited Polycrystalline Cadmium Sulfide Thin Films. Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 1997, 101 (12), pp.2174-2181. ⟨10.1021/jp962399c⟩. ⟨hal-04342343⟩
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