Anatomical characterisation of three different psychosurgical targets in the subthalamic area: from the basal ganglia to the limbic system - Sorbonne Université Access content directly
Journal Articles Brain Structure and Function Year : 2023

Anatomical characterisation of three different psychosurgical targets in the subthalamic area: from the basal ganglia to the limbic system

Abstract

Effective neural stimulation for the treatment of severe psychiatric disorders needs accurate characterisation of surgical targets. This is especially true for the medial subthalamic region (MSR) which contains three targets: the anteromedial STN for obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD), the medial forebrain bundle (MFB) for depression and OCD, and the “Sano triangle” for pathological aggressiveness. Blocks containing the subthalamic area were obtained from two human brains. After obtaining 11.7-Tesla MRI, blocks were cut in regular sections for immunohistochemistry. Fluorescent in situ hybridisation was performed on the macaque MSR. Electron microscopic observation for synaptic specialisation were performed on human and macaque subthalamic fresh samples. Images of human brain sections were reconstructed in a cryoblock which was registered on the MRI and histological slices were then registered. The STN contains glutamatergic and fewer GABAergic neurons and has no strict boundary with the adjacent MSR. The anteromedial STN has abundant dopaminergic and serotoninergic innervation with sparse dopaminergic neurons. The MFB is composed of dense anterior dopaminergic and posterior serotoninergic fibres, and fewer cholinergic and glutamatergic fibres. Medially, the Sano triangle contains orexinergic terminals from the hypothalamus, and neurons with strong nuclear oestrogen receptor-alpha staining with a decreased anteroposterior and mediolateral gradient of staining. These findings provide new insight regarding MSR cells and their fibre specialisation, forming a transition zone between the basal ganglia and the limbic systems. Our 3D reconstruction enabled us to visualise the main histological features of the three targets which should enable better targeting and understanding of neuromodulatory stimulation results in severe psychiatric conditions.
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Saturday, June 15, 2024
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Saturday, June 15, 2024
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hal-04346792 , version 1 (15-12-2023)

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Marie Neiges Santin, Nicolas Tempier, Hayat Belaid, Matthieu Zenoni, Sylvie Dumas, et al.. Anatomical characterisation of three different psychosurgical targets in the subthalamic area: from the basal ganglia to the limbic system. Brain Structure and Function, 2023, ⟨10.21203/rs.3.rs-2546607/v1⟩. ⟨hal-04346792⟩
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