Polyreactivity of antibodies from different B-cell subpopulations is determined by distinct sequence patterns of variable region - Sorbonne Université Access content directly
Journal Articles Frontiers in Immunology Year : 2023

Polyreactivity of antibodies from different B-cell subpopulations is determined by distinct sequence patterns of variable region

Abstract

An antibody molecule that can bind to multiple distinct antigens is defined as polyreactive. In the present study, we performed statistical analyses to assess sequence correlates of polyreactivity of >600 antibodies cloned from different Bcell types of healthy humans. The data revealed several sequence patterns of variable regions of heavy and light immunoglobulin chains that determine polyreactivity. The most prominent identified patterns were increased number of basic amino acid residues, reduced frequency of acidic residues, increased number of aromatic and hydrophobic residues, and longer length of CDR L1. Importantly, our study revealed that antibodies isolated from different B-cell populations used distinct sequence patterns (or combinations of them) for polyreactive antigen binding. Furthermore, we combined the data from sequence analyses with molecular modeling of selected polyreactive antibodies and demonstrated that human antibodies can use multiple pathways for achieving antigen-binding promiscuity. These data reconcile some contradictions in the literature regarding the determinants of antibody polyreactivity. Moreover, our study demonstrates that the mechanism of polyreactivity of antibodies evolves during immune response and might be tailored to specific functional properties of different B-cell compartments. Finally, these data can be of use for efforts in the development and engineering of therapeutic antibodies.
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Dates and versions

hal-04347554 , version 1 (15-12-2023)

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Maxime Lecerf, Robin V Lacombe, Jordan D Dimitrov. Polyreactivity of antibodies from different B-cell subpopulations is determined by distinct sequence patterns of variable region. Frontiers in Immunology, 2023, 14, ⟨10.3389/fimmu.2023.1266668⟩. ⟨hal-04347554⟩
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