Cerebellar ataxia, neuropathy and vestibular areflexia syndrome (CANVAS): from clinical diagnosis towards genetic testing - Sorbonne Université Access content directly
Journal Articles Medizinische Genetik Year : 2022

Cerebellar ataxia, neuropathy and vestibular areflexia syndrome (CANVAS): from clinical diagnosis towards genetic testing

Abstract

The cerebellar ataxia, neuropathy and vestibular areflexia syndrome (CANVAS) is a late-onset and recessively inherited ataxia. For many years, CANVAS has been diagnosed based on the clinical phenotype. Only recently, a large biallelic pentanucleotide repeat expansion in the replication factor C subunit 1 ( RFC1 ) gene has been identified as the underlying genetic cause for the large majority of CANVAS cases. Subsequently, other phenotypes such as ataxia with chronic cough, incomplete CANVAS and MSA-C-like phenotypes have been associated with biallelic RFC1 repeat expansions. Because of this heterogeneity it has been suggested to change the name of the disease to “RFC1 disease”. Chronic cough is characteristic and can precede neurological symptoms by years or decades. In the neurological examination signs of cerebellar, sensory, and vestibular ataxia are frequently observed. Nerve conduction studies usually show absent or markedly reduced sensory nerve action potentials. On brain MRI cerebellar degeneration and spinal cord alterations are common. In later disease stages more widespread neurodegeneration with additional involvement of the brainstem and basal ganglia is possible. As yet, the exact incidence of RFC1 -associated neurological diseases remains uncertain although first studies suggest that RFC1 -related ataxia is common. Moreover, the pathophysiological mechanisms caused by the large biallelic pentanucleotide repeat expansions in RFC1 remain elusive. Future molecular and genetic research as well as natural history studies are highly desirable to pave the way towards personalized treatment approaches.
Fichier principal
Vignette du fichier
10.1515_medgen-2021-2098.pdf (1021.61 Ko) Télécharger le fichier
Origin Publication funded by an institution

Dates and versions

hal-04414019 , version 1 (24-01-2024)

Identifiers

Cite

Andreas Thieme, Christel Depienne, Dagmar Timmann. Cerebellar ataxia, neuropathy and vestibular areflexia syndrome (CANVAS): from clinical diagnosis towards genetic testing. Medizinische Genetik, 2022, 33 (4), pp.301-310. ⟨10.1515/medgen-2021-2098⟩. ⟨hal-04414019⟩
11 View
8 Download

Altmetric

Share

Gmail Mastodon Facebook X LinkedIn More