Effect of glycosylation on the affinity of the MTB protein Ag85B for specific antibodies: Towards the design of a dual-acting vaccine against tuberculosis - Sorbonne Université Access content directly
Journal Articles Biology Direct Year : 2024

Effect of glycosylation on the affinity of the MTB protein Ag85B for specific antibodies: Towards the design of a dual-acting vaccine against tuberculosis

Abstract

Background To create a dual-acting vaccine that can fight against tuberculosis, we combined antigenic arabino-mannan analogues with the Ag85B protein. To start the process, we studied the impact of modifying different parts of the Ag85B protein on its ability to be recognized by antibodies. Results Through our research, we discovered that three modified versions of the protein, rAg85B-K30R, rAg85B-K282R, and rAg85B-K30R/K282R, retained their antibody reactivity in healthy individuals and those with tuberculosis. To further test the specificity of the sugar AraMan for AraMan antibodies, we used Human Serum Albumin glycosylated with AraMan-IME and Ara3Man-IME. Our findings showed that this specific sugar was fully and specifically modified. Bio-panning experiments revealed that patients with active tuberculosis exhibited a higher antibody response to Ara3Man, a sugar found in lipoarabinomannan (LAM), which is a major component of the mycobacterial cell wall. Bio-panning with anti-LAM plates could eliminate this increased response, suggesting that the enhanced Ara3Man response was primarily driven by antibodies targeting LAM. These findings highlight the importance of Ara3Man as an immunodominant epitope in LAM and support its role in eliciting protective immunity against tuberculosis. Further studies evaluated the effects of glycosylation on the antibody affinity of recombinant Ag85B and its variants. The results indicated that rAg85B-K30R/K282R, when conjugated with Ara3Man-IME, demonstrated enhanced antibody recognition compared to unconjugated or non-glycosylated versions. Conclusions Coupling Ara3Man to rAg85B-K30R/K282R could lead to the development of effective dual-acting vaccines against tuberculosis, stimulating protective antibodies against both AraMan and Ag85B, two key tuberculosis antigens.
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Dates and versions

hal-04442099 , version 1 (06-02-2024)

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Roberta Bernardini, Sara Tengattini, Zhihao Li, Luciano Piubelli, Teodora Bavaro, et al.. Effect of glycosylation on the affinity of the MTB protein Ag85B for specific antibodies: Towards the design of a dual-acting vaccine against tuberculosis. Biology Direct, 2024, 19 (1), pp.11. ⟨10.1186/s13062-024-00454-5⟩. ⟨hal-04442099⟩
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