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Journal Articles Sleep Year : 2024

Latency To N3 Interruption In Arousal Disorders

Abstract

Study objectives: To help expert witnesses in criminal cases using the "sleepwalking defense", we studied the time of first and last interruptions from stage N3 in patients with arousal disorders, including sexsomnia, as well as their determinants. Methods: The epochs of lights off, sleep onset, first N3 interruption (with and without behaviors), and last N3 interruption were determined by videopolysomnography on two consecutive nights in 163 adults with disorders of arousal, including 46 with and 117 without sexsomnia. Results: The first N3 interruption (independently of concomitant behavior) occurred as early as 8 minutes after sleep onset and within 100 minutes of falling asleep in 95% of cases. The first motor arousal from N3 occurred as early as 25 min after lights off time, a timing more variable between participants (between 30 and 60 minutes after lights off time in 25% of participants and within 60 minutes of falling asleep in 50%). These latencies did not differ between the groups with and without sexsomnia. No correlation was found between these latencies and the young age, sex or clinical severity. The latency of motor arousals was shorter when they were associated with a fastwave EEG profile and were not preceded by another type of N3 arousal. Conclusion: The first motor arousal may occur early in the night in patients with arousal disorders, with or without sexsomnia, suggesting that abnormal behaviors occurring as early as 25 min after lights off time in clinical and criminal cases can be a parasomnia manifestation.
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Friday, August 2, 2024
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0 1 16
Year Month Jours
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Friday, August 2, 2024
Embargoed file
0 1 16
Year Month Jours
Avant la publication
Friday, August 2, 2024
Embargoed file
0 1 16
Year Month Jours
Avant la publication
Friday, August 2, 2024
Embargoed file
Friday, August 2, 2024
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Dates and versions

hal-04450102 , version 1 (09-02-2024)

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Carlo Perretti, Ana Zenovia Gales, Smaranda Leu-Semenescu, Pauline Dodet, Clara Bianquis, et al.. Latency To N3 Interruption In Arousal Disorders. Sleep, 2024, ⟨10.1093/sleep/zsae033⟩. ⟨hal-04450102⟩
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