Do women with suspected endometriosis benefit from pelvic examination to improve diagnostic and management strategy? - Sorbonne Université Access content directly
Journal Articles Journal of Gynecology Obstetrics and Human Reproduction Year : 2024

Do women with suspected endometriosis benefit from pelvic examination to improve diagnostic and management strategy?

Abstract

Objective: To analyze the literature and expose best evidence available regarding the benefit of pelvic exami-nation for women with suspected endometriosis Methods: the AGREE II and GRADE systems for grading scientific evidence. Results: Endometriosis is characterized by the heterogeneity in its clinical presentation with many different symptoms reported by patients. In the literature, questioning for each symptom has a high sensitivity, reaching 76–98 %, but lacks specificity (20 – 58 %). The symptom-based approach is limited by its low specificity, the absence of external validation for most of the models developed and the inability to characterize the extent of the disease, which could have major implications in the decision – making process. The latest systematic review and meta-analysis included a total of 30 studies with 4,565 participants, compared the diagnostic performance of several modalities for endometriosis. Physical examination had a pooled sensitivity of 71 % and a specificity of 69 %, with an average diagnostic accuracy of 0.76. Overall, the value of pelvic examination is conferred by its high positive likehood ratio and specificity. Besides its diagnostic value, pelvic examination improves patients’ management by allowing the identification of a possible myofascial syndrome as a differential diagnosis. It also increases the quality of the preoperative workup and influences the quality of surgical excision and decreases the time to diagnosis. Conclusion: Despite the lack of studies in the primary care context, pelvic examination (vaginal speculum and digital vaginal examination) increases the diagnostic value for suspected endometriosis in association with questioning for symptoms.
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Dates and versions

hal-04456685 , version 1 (14-02-2024)

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Yohann Dabi, Arnaud Fauconnier, Christine Rousset-Jablonski, Arounie Tavenet, Anne-Cécile Pizzofferrato, et al.. Do women with suspected endometriosis benefit from pelvic examination to improve diagnostic and management strategy?. Journal of Gynecology Obstetrics and Human Reproduction, 2024, 53 (2), pp.102724. ⟨10.1016/j.jogoh.2024.102724⟩. ⟨hal-04456685⟩
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